Do You Know What Is In Your Company's Wastewater? 

Have you ever wondered what is in your company's wastewater?

If not you probably should!


Wastewater is the term used to describe the disposed water and solids from communities, industries, and manufacturing facilities that flows into wastewater treatment plants or waterways. It is important to know what constituents make up wastewater and be aware of what enters the waterways or is discharged into wastewater treatment plants. Implementing a wastewater treatment system to remove the five parameters listed below is extremely important in order to protect the environment, aquatic life and also meet permitted effluent discharge regulations for your business.

Five Important Parameters and Characteristics that Make Up Wastewater:

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) – This parameter is the amount of dissolved oxygen that is needed by aerobic organisms to break down organic matter present in the wastewater. BOD5 is a 5-day test measuring the dissolved oxygen used by microorganisms in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter. The results are used to determine how to size the treatment facilities and measure the efficiency and compliance of treatment processes.

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) – This is a measure of organic and inorganic matter in the wastewater and natural waters. It is also used to measure the organic and inorganic matter in industrial and municipal wastes that contain compounds that may be toxic to biological life. COD is also used to determine how to size the treatment facilities and measure the effciency and compliance of treatment processes. 

Total Suspended Solids (TSS) – Total Suspended Solids are the solids in the water that can be trapped and will not pass through a filter. The suspended solids are contained in industrial wastes and municipal sewage. High amounts of TSS containing bacteria, nutrients, and pesticides can cause many problems for the aquatic life when entering the waterways. Additionally, high TSS can put your business out of compliance with federal, state or local regulations. 

TKN & TN – TKN Stands for the Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen. In wastewater, it is comprised of organic and ammonia nitrogen. TN stands for the Total Nitrogen. In wastewater, this is comprised of organic nitrogen, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. If these constituents enter the waterways it can be extremely harmful to the aquatic life and the environment. By meeting TKN & TN requirements, your business will be in compliance and may avoid surcharge fees. 

  • FOG – FOG stands for fats, oils and grease. Fats and oils are the third major component of food and beverage plants. Grease is a term that is used to describe the fats, oils, waxes, and other related substances in the wastewater. FOG substances float on the surface of the wastewater and interfere with biological treatment and cause maintenance problems during the treatment process.
Engineer Tools

The five parameters above are not the only characteristics that make up wastewater. Each waste stream is unique based on the origin and processes used during the generation of the wastewater. bioprocessH2O’s team of professional engineers can design, construct and install wastewater treatment systems customized to your treatment and water reuse needs. We offer a portfolio of technologies that can treat wastewater streams to meet federal, state or local regulations. No matter your industry, Food & Beverage, Oil & Gas, etc., getting the most out of your water should be something your business considers. Click to see The Markets We Serve and how bioprocessH2O can help your business!

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